حواء

الأربعاء,13 أبريل, 2016
نساء حكمن المغرب وخلدن أسماءهن في التاريخ

??????_ ????? ?? ???????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??????.

????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ???? ??????.
??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????:

?????? ????? ????? ?????

??? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ???????.

?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????.

?????? ??? ??? ?? ???? “????? ?????” ?????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? 1510?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???????.

???? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ????? ??? 1542?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????.

??????? ???????? ????? ???

???? ????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????.

?? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????.

?????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? “???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????” (?????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? – 1997? / 1418??).

????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????????.

???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????.

????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????

????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??? (1082 – 1139 ??)? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???????.

????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??????.

???? ?????? ????????? ?????? (???? ????) ?? ????? “?????? ?? ????? ????????” ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??? 1721?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ????????.

?????? ????? ??? ???? ??? 1159 ?????? ??? ????? ???.

???? ????????? ???? ???? ?????

??? ???? ??? ?????: “???? ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????????”? ??? ???? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ????????? ????? ????? ?????.

???? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ??? ?? ???? “????????”? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? 461?? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ??? 463??”.

???? ???????? ?????????

????? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? 788 ? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????.

???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???11 ?? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??????.

?????????? ???? ????