الرئيسية - عالمي دولي

الأحد,4 أكتوبر, 2015
كيف انهار العالم فوق رأس فولكس فاجن؟!

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?? ??? ????? (2012) ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? (????? ????) ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? (??????) ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? (2018)? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? (????? ????) ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ???? 5,04 ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? 2015 ??? (?????/ ?????) ????? 5.02 ????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??(??????)? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? (??????) ???????? ???? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? (????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????) ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ???? (??????) ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? (????? ?????????) ???? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ????????!

(1) ????? ??? ???????

?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?? (EPA) – ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? – ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? (??? ?????)? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ?? (CAFEE) ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ???????? “??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????” ????? ????? ?? 20 ????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???? ?? 35 ????? ???????.

??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? (ICCT) ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? (ICCT) ??? ???? ????? ?????? (CAFEE) ????? ???? ???? “???” ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?? (??????/ BMW/ ????? ????) ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????????.

?? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? (Defeat Devices) ?? “????? ???????”? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? 10: 40 ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ???(CAFEE) ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????????? (CARB) ?????? ????? ?????? (EPA) ??????? – ???? “???” – ????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? (?? ????? 2014 ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????) ????????? ?? ??????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????.

????? ??? “???? ??????” ????? ?????? ???? ??? ABC ?????? (Late Line) ????? ??? “???” ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ????????? ???? ????? (????? ??) ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? “???” ??? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????.

(2) ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????????!

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(3) ??????? ????? ????????

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(4) ???????? ??? ??????

?? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? (??????/ BMW/ ???????/ ???? ????/ GM) ???? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?? ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???? 5% ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???.

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