أهم المقالات في الشاهد

الإثنين,16 مايو, 2016
سايكس-بيكو بعد 100 سنة…قصة “تفاهم” سري دسّ أكبر حبة حصى مؤلمة بالحذاء العربي

??????_???? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? “?????- ????” ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? 100 ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?? 16 ??? 1916 ??? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ??????. ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?????

 

?????? ???? ????? ????- ????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????????? ???????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?????????. ??? ?? 21 ?????? 1870 ??????? ????? ???? ?? 20 ???? 1951 ???? 81 ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ????????? ??? ?????? 1915 ??? ???? 1916 ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????.

 

???? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ???? “???????.??” ?????? ?????? ????????? “???????” ??? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? 7 ????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? 90 ???.

 

??? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? 1917 ?1919 ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? 1919 ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ??? Marie Fouquet ?? 3 ????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ????.

 

?????? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ????????:

 

??? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? 39 ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? 16 ????? 1919 ??? ?????? ?? ???? Lotti ??????? ???? ??????.. ??? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???? ??? ???????H1N1 ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? 1918 ?1919 ?? 500 ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? 70 ??????? ??? ?????.

 

??? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? “??? ??????” ????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???? Sledmere ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? Edith Gorst ????? 6 ????? ????? ?? ?? ???? “???????.??” ???? ?????? ?? 1926 ????? ???? ????? ?? 1930 ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ???? The Peerage ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????.

 

?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????:

 

??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? “??? ???????” ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??????????? ????????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????.. ????? ?????? ?? 1919 ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ??????.

 

????? ??? ?????? ?? 2007 ????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?? 50 ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????.

 

?? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? “??? ???????” ??? ????? “???? ?? ???????? ?????????” ??? ?? ???? “???????.??” ??? ????? ????? BBC ???? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? “???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?????????” ??? ??? ???? ???????.

 

“??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????”:

 

??? ?? ????????? ???? ????? “?????? ??????” ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? 16 ?????? 1915 ???? ??????? ??????????? ?? 10 ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? “???????.??” ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????.

 

?? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ?????: “??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? E ?? Acre ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ??? K ?? Karkuk ???????”? ??? ?? ?? ????? “???????.??” ?? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ?????? 1917 ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? “???????” ???????? ????? ?????- ????? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????????.

 

???? “???????” ?????? ?????? “??? ?????” ?? 2 ?????? 1917 ?????? “??? ???? ?????? ?? ??????” ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ?? 9 ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????.

???? – ???? ?????