رئيسي حواء

السبت,27 فبراير, 2016
رائدات مصريات سطرن أسماءهن على صفحات التاريخ وسبحن ضد التيار المجتمعي !

??????_???? ??? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? 8 ????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? 11 ????? ?? ???? ??? 16 ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? 21 ???? ?? ?? ???.

 

?????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???????..

 

??? ???? ???? (1886 – 1918) ??? ????? ?????? ??????

????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ?? (????? ???????)? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????? ? ??? ?????.

 

?????? ?? ?? ????????? ???????? ??? 1886? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? (???? ???? ??????)? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??? 1900? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????..

 

????? ???? ???????? ?? ??? 1903? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? 1905?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??? 1907 ???? ????? ??????.

 

??? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? (????? ???????) ?? ????? “???????”? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? (?????????)? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? (???? ??????)? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ????????? (?? ?????)? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? (???? ????) ?(???? ???????) ?(???? ?????).

 

???????? ???? ???????: ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???????

 

????? ?????? (1907– 2002) ??? ????? ????

???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? 1933? ???? ????? 34 (?? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? 33 ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????)? ????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ???????.

 

?????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???????????? ? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? (?? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???????)? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? (???? ?????)? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? 67 ?????.

 

????? ???? (1917-1952) ??? ????? ????

???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? (????? ????)? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??? 1935?? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????????? (????? ????) ?????? ???? ???????.

 

????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? (?.????? ?????) ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ??????? ?????.

 

?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?????.

 

????? ??? ?????? (1914-2002) ??? ??????

???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? 1933? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ?? 400 ????.

 

????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? (???? ????)? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? 1500 ???? ???? ???? ????? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????.

 

???? (?????) ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? 17 ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????.

 

???? ???? ????? ?????

?????? ??? ?????? (1906– 1974) ??? ????? ??????

??? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? (????? ??? ??????)? ??? ???? (??????) ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? (??????? ???????) ?????? ??? 1873.

 

??? ??? 1922 ??? (????? ????) ?????? 6 ???? ?? ????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? (?????).

 

???? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? 1932 ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???????.

 

??? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??? 1952 ??? ????? ?????? ???????. ????? ??? 1974 ??? ???? ?? ?????.

 

????? ?????? (1914-1995) ????? ????? ?????? ???????

???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ??? ?????. ??? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ?? ??? 1931 ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?????..

 

???? ??? ?????? ??? 1935 ?? ???? (??????)? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???? (????) ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? 1954 ???? ???? ??????? ??? ??? 175?000 ????.

 

?????? (?????) ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????..

 

??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? (???? ????) ???????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ???? (???????)? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????.

 

????? ???????? (1911-1997) ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?????????

???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? 1929 ??? ???? ???? ????? ??? 14 ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?.?? ???? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ???? (???????) ?(???????) ?(?????)? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????????.

 

????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? “??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????” ??? 1937.

 

????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????????? ?? ????? ??? 1941? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??? 1956 ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????.

 

????? ???????? ?????? ??? 1967? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????.

 

???? ????? ??? ??? ???????

???? ??? ??? (1916 – 2011) ??? ????? ?????? ??????????

???? ?? ???? “????? ?????” ???????? ?????? ????? ??? 1916? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????.

 

??? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? (????? ??????) ?? ??????????? ?? ????? ??????.

 

??? ??? 1940? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? “????? ???????” ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????.

 

??? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ????? (???? ?????? ?????????) ??? 1950? ?? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ??? 1955?? ? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??????? (??? ??????) ???? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?? 25 ?????? 1962?? ?????? ????? (??? ?????? ??????).

 

???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??????

?? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? (????? ???)? ??????? ?????? ?????? (???? ????) ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? (???? ????)? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????. ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ????? (13 ???) ???? ??? ?????? ??? 1974? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? 1974? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? 1975.

 

??? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? 1975 ? 1976? ????? ???? ??????: «????? ??????» 1974? ?«?????? ?????????» ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? 1976? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? 1968 ??? 1974? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???????.

 

????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????? CIB? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????.

 

????? ???? (1928 – 2013) ??? ????? ??????

???? ?? ???1928? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? 1945? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ??????.

 

????? ??? 1949 ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? 1950? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??????.

 

??? ??? 1953 ????? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ?.??? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? 15 ?????? ???? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????.

 

?? ??? ?????1977 ????? (???????) ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????. “??? ????? ?????” ??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ??? 1979? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? 1981 ???? 1984? ??? ??? 1995 ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????????.

 

??????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???????..