أخبــار محلية

الإثنين,26 سبتمبر, 2016
أبواب تونس المفتوحة على التاريخ و الحضارة

????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? “???”? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???.

24 ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????? … ??? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???. ?????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????.

bab-bhar

??? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ??? 1860 ??? ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????.
??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?? 1931? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ???.

??? ????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?? “???” ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???.
??? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???????. ??? ??? 1350? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????. ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? 1535 ? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? 1890.

??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???? 1228″ ?1249 ?”? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????????.

bab-ejdid

??? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? 1278 ?.

???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? 1769? ????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???????.

??? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??????(???? ?????).

bab-saadoun


??? ?????
? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? 1350 ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ??????.

???? ????? ??? ????? ??? 838??/1434? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??? 1881 ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???????.

?? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ????.

bab-swika

??? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ????????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ??? 1861? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????.
???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????????.

??? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????.

?? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? “???????????”.

??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? (1475-1573)? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????.

bab-aliwa

??? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? (1349-1369) ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????? (???? ???? ????) ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? 1534 ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????.

??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ??1320 ? ??? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? 1881 ?????? ????????? ????????.

??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????.

???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? “????? ????? ????” ???? ???? ????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??????????.